In New York, a misdemeanor is defined as an offense, other than a "traffic
infraction," for which a sentence to a term of imprisonment in excess
of fifteen days may be imposed, but for which a sentence to a term of
imprisonment in excess of 364 days cannot be imposed.
Misdmears are crimes and so a misdmeanor conviction in New York will give
you a criminal record. Common misdemeanors include assault in the third
degree, DWI, and petit larceny.